A diminutive middle-aged man came out from behind the trees — the caretaker. He worked a toothbrush-sized stick around in his mouth, digging into the crevices between algaed stubs of teeth. He was barefoot; he wore a blue batik shirt known as a buba, baggy purple trousers, and an embroidered skullcap. I asked him if he would show me around the shrine. Motioning me to follow, he spat out the results of his stick work and set off down the trail. This is an example of a descriptive essay, as the author has used descriptive language to paint a dramatic picture for his readers of an encounter with a stranger. Example #2: Of love (by francis Bacon) It is impossible to love, and be wise love is a child of folly. love is ever rewarded either with the reciprocal, or with an inward and secret contempt.
Literary, terms Menu
Descriptive essay, as it sounds, this type of essay gives a description about a particular topic, or describes the traits dissertation and characteristics of something or a person in detail. It allows artistic freedom, and creates images in the minds of readers through the use of the five senses. Narrative, essay, narrative essay is non- fiction, but describes a story with sensory descriptions. The writer not only tells a story, but also makes a point by giving admission reasons. Persuasive essay, in this type of essay, the writer tries to convince his readers to adopt his position or point of view on an issue, after he provides them solid reasoning in this connection. It requires a lot of research to claim and defend an idea. It is also called an argumentative essay. Non-literary essays could also be of the same types but they could be written in any format. Examples of Essay in Literature. Example #1: The sacred Grove of Oshogbo (by jeffrey tayler as I passed through the gates I heard a squeaky voice.
Definition of Essay, essay is derived from the French word essayer, which means to attempt, or to try. An essay is a short form of literary composition based on a single subject matter, and often gives the personal opinion of the author. A famous English essayist, Aldous Huxley defines essays as, a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything. The Oxford Dictionary describes it as a short piece of writing on a particular subject. In simple words, we can define it as a scholarly work in writing that provides the authors personal argument. Types of Essay, there are two forms of essay: yoga literary and non-literary. Literary essays are of four types: Expository Essay. In an expository essay, the writer gives an explanation of an idea, theme, or issue to the audience by giving his personal opinions. This essay is presented through examples, definitions, comparisons, and contrast.
I hope that these men help spread the word, and that the word includes a shout-out to other brilliant women writers like andrea barrett, kathryn davis, dana Spiotta, zoë heller, carol Anshaw, bonnie nadzam, rivka galchen, lauren Groff and Susan Choi, to name but. But the top tier of literary fiction — where the air is rich and the view is great and where a book enters the public imagination and the current conversation motto — tends to feel peculiarly, disproportionately male. Will the literary habits of a culture change as younger readers take over? Will more literary women be able to persuade their publishers to keep that photo of a longhaired young girl in a summer dress facing shyly away from the camera off their book jackets and replace it with a neutral illustration and bold typeface? Will vidas statistics dramatically improve? And will Womens Fiction become such an absurd category its essay phased out entirely? Maybe, in a more just world.
Lorrie moore added, a female scholar once said to me: i already know what women think, pretty much. Im more interested in reading books by men. The problem with this statement becomes clear if you flip. Were a man to say, i already know what men think; Im more interested in reading books by women, he would be greeted with incomprehension. While there may be no such thing as male or female writing, to say that the emphases of male and female writers might sometimes be different doesnt mean that the deepest concerns or preoccupations of women are inferior or any less essential. Literary women novelists can of course do very well without male readers. And some literary male writers have admitted envying women the femaleness of the novel-reading (and -buying) community — a community that, from my own experience with book groups and individual readers, i know to be attentive and passionate. People will remind you that women are the chief consumers of fiction in this country, and some will add that they think men are so hopeless when it comes to what theyll read that perhaps we should forget about them as literary fiction readers altogether. More than a few men are understandably offended by this suggestion, and will describe not only their Proust or Pynchon reading group, but also their all-male Edith Wharton book group, or their admiration for Karen Russells Swamplandia!
Essay, short Story, commentary
Nevertheless, one of the great things for our generation of women writers is the freedom weve felt to write about whatever subjects we wish to write about. Are we less innovative than the guys? I dont see that. But if men arent much in the habit of reading women, then it doesnt matter how innovative we are. Who reads whom and how were among the concerns raised in Francine Proses sharp 1998 essay in Harpers Magazine, scent of a womans Ink, which employed a blind taste test to show report that when you take away the gender label, its not all that easy. Fiction by women is still being read differently, with the usual prejudices and preconceptions, she wrote.
In doing so, she illustrated the continuing critical bias against women. I wish I could say things had improved drastically since my harpers piece appeared, Prose told. But it wouldnt be true. Recently, when the novelist Mary gordon spoke at a boys school, she learned that the students werent reading the Brontës, austen or woolf. Their teachers defended this by saying they were looking for works that boys could relate. But at the girls school across the street, gordon said, no one would have dreamed of removing Huckleberry finn or Moby-dick from the syllabus. As a woman writer, you get points if you include the male world in your work, and you lose points if you omit.
As Katha pollitt, the poet and literary critic, says: I think theres always space for a toni morrison or a mary McCarthy, but only one of them at a time. For every one woman, theres room for three men. Cue the thunderous disagreements and the counterinstances, of which there are always going to be a notable handful: Jhumpa lahiri and Zadie smith, being two current examples. A visit From the goon Squad, by jennifer Egan, won both a 2010 National book critics Circle Award and a pulitzer Prize in 2011 and is rhapsodically talked about by both sexes. In 2009, Elizabeth Strout won a pulitzer for her linked stories, Olive kitteridge, a collection that book groups love and that women have reportedly given to the men in their lives, who have sometimes, to their own surprise, embraced. And, very occasionally, a true event is made out of a novel by a woman, most recently The tigers Wife, by téa obreht.
These exceptions might lead us to think maybe were heading toward some kind of literary idyll in which men and women sit beneath trees in the sun, eating figs and debating passages by kiran Desai or jeanette winterson. But just as women are suddenly fighting anew for access to contraception, the vida statistics suggest that women writers are still fighting to have their work taken seriously and accorded as much coverage as mens. The American Academy of Arts and Letters counts only 33 women among its 117 literature members. Even prestigious literary prizes dont necessarily change everything. In the past three years more than half of the national book critics Circle awards have gone to women, and in the past two years the national book awards for fiction have gone to women — jaimy gordon and Jesmyn Ward — but so far. I think the prizes for men just underscore something already there for them, lorrie moore, the novelist and short-story writer, said. In many cases the prizes themselves may not have as much independent power as corroborative power. Jane Smiley, who won a pulitzer in 1992 for a thousand Acres, said: When I think about my own work, i think that it maybe falls between two stools, and sometimes this is good and sometimes its bad — not making the money that Jodi.
Short Prose genres: Defining
Photo, but some of the most acclaimed female novelists have written unapologetically and authoritatively about women. And the environment needs to be receptive to that authority, recognizing and celebrating it in order for it to catch. It seems no coincidence that some of the most esteemed women writing today — toni morrison, joyce carol Oates, margaret Atwood, doris Lessing, marilynne robinson — came to prominence at an unusual moment in time when the womens movement could be felt everywhere. Stories, long and short, and often about womens lives, suddenly mattered to the cultural conversation. This period, the 1970s and to an extent the early 80s, and initially appeared to create an entirely different and permanent reality for female fiction writers. Men were actively interested in reading about the inner lives of women (or maybe some just pretended they were) and received moral kudos for doing. Whereas before that a lone woman might be allowed on the so-called mens team, literary women began achieving critical mass and becoming more than anomalies. But though this wave of prominent authors helped the women who followed, as time passed it seemed harder for literary women to go the distance.
Sure, hilary mantels Wolf Hall is pretty massive, but I suspect that a historical work — one that teaches the reader about a subject (in this case a male one) — is considered more acceptable from a woman than, say, the kind of long sensibility. Julia glass, who won a national book award in 2002 for her novel Three junes, said: Many readers ask why i write so often from a male point of view. I have theories, but I dont really know. I dont game my books toward a male audience, and yet the point of view may help their reception. I think men are more accepting of my books than they would be if the points of view were always female. Characters matter to a great extent, and novels that involve parents and young children seem at essay first glance to be considered the potentially sentimental province of women. Except, of course, when those parents and children are male, as is the case in The road and Extremely loud and Incredibly Close, both of which feature father-son duos and have been praised enthusiastically by men and women.
and the big-canvas page have belonged mostly to men, whereas craft had belonged to women, uncontested. Its no wonder that the painted-egg precision of short stories allows reviewers to comfortably celebrate female accomplishment, even to celebrate it prominently in the case of Alice munro. But generally speaking, a story collection is considered a quieter animal than a novel, and is tacitly judged in some quarters as the work of someone who lacks the sprawling confidence of a novelist. My sense is that like most men, most women are writing at the length they want to write — but theyre not always getting the same reward. Men like ian McEwan and Julian Barnes have written very short, highly regarded and widely read books in recent years. Yet if a woman writes something short these days, particularly if its about a woman, it risks being considered minor. (Spare is the oft-used word of faint praise.) Yet if, on the other hand, a woman writes a doorstop filled with free associations about life and love and childbirth and war, and jokes and recipes and maybe even a novel-within-a-novel, and anything else that will.
I sometimes wonder if book length, intentionally or inadvertently, signals to readers a novels supposed importance. Certain novelists who have achieved high literary profiles, like david Foster Wallace, haruki murakami and animal William. Vollmann, have all published extremely long books — in the case of Wallace and Vollmann, over 1,000 pages. With some notable exceptions, women have not published many well-known doorstops since doris Lessings Golden Notebook. As it happens, we live not only in the era of the abbreviated attention span, but also in the era of the book group, whose members often set a strict page limit. Yet does the marketplace subtly and paradoxically seem to whisper in some mens ears, sure, buddy, run on as long as you like, just sit down and type out all your ideas about America — what might in some extreme cases be titled The big. Do women reflexively edit themselves (or let themselves be edited) more severely, creating tight and shapely novels that readers and book groups will find approachable? Or do they simply not fetishize book length one way or the other? (And for that matter, would most long-form men say they were just letting content seek form?).
Essay, short Story, commentary
Compare these with the typeface-only jacket of Chad Harbachs novel, The Art of fielding, or the jumbo lettering on The corrections. Such covers, according to a book publicist I spoke to, tell the readers, This book is an event. Eugenidess gold ring may appear to be an exception, though it has a geometric abstraction about it: the möbius strip ring suggesting that an Escher-like, unsolvable puzzle lies within. The illustration might retrolisthesis have been more conventional and included the slender fingers and wrist of a woman, had it not been designated a major literary undertaking. I took semiotics back at Brown University in the same heyday of deconstruction in which Eugenidess novel takes place (he and I were in a writing workshop together but I dont need to remember anything about signifiers to understand that just like the jumbo, block-lettered. Certain images, whether they summon a kind of Walker evans poverty nostalgia or offer a glimpse into quilted domesticity, are geared toward women as strongly as an ad for calcium plus. These covers might as well have a hex sign slapped on them, along with the words: Stay away, men! Go read Cormac McCarthy instead!